Cultural knowledge is a collection of facts about the products, practices, and perspectives associated with a given culture. It forms an essential foundation for the development of ICC, but teaching culture as content does not guarantee that ICC will develop.
Cross-cultural experiences are opportunities to engage with members of other cultures and particularly speakers of other languages, through face-to-face encounters, online interaction, media, texts, etc.
Intercultural awareness means that an individual can recognize a cultural boundary and perhaps identify the role of culture when interpreting others’ beliefs and practices.
Intercultural competence involves an extensive set of attitudes and skills that allow individuals, especially language learners, to behave and adjust appropriately when interacting across cultural boundaries and to increase their awareness, skills, and ability to interact appropriately by learning from cross-cultural encounters.
Council of Europe CEFR Resources for Intercultural education (coe.int)
Presentations on ICC
Designing Intercultural Activities
A guide for identifying the intercultural potential of topics you teach and building communicative lessons around them.
Reaching Intercultural Competence with Story-Based Methods
(Teaching ICC through CI)
Language Shock and Language Socialization:
Developing Skills Here that Support Learning There
Planning for Intercultural Instruction
Role Plays, Interviews, Debates, and Online Exchanges
Intercultural Attitude Adjustments
11 Statements for Language Learners to Think Through